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Rebellion

1919 Omaha, NE

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Rebellion

1919 Chicago, IL

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Rebellion

1919 Knoxville, TN

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Elaine, AR Masacre

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The Red Summer 1919

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Rebellion

North American Slave Revolts

1526 San Miguel de Gualdape (Spanish Florida, victorious)
1548–58, 1579–82 Bayano Wars (Spanish PanamaNew Spain, suppressed)
c. 1570 Gaspar Yanga‘s Revolt (Spanish VeracruzNew Spain, victorious)
1712 New York Slave Revolt (British Province of New York, suppressed)
1730 First Maroon War (British Jamaica, victorious)
1730 Chesapeake rebellion (British Chesapeake Colonies, suppressed
)
1733 St. John Slave Revolt (Danish Saint John, suppressed)
1739 Stono Rebellion (British Province of South Carolina, suppressed)
1741 New York Conspiracy (British Province of New York, suppressed)
1760 Tacky’s War (British Jamaica, suppressed)
1787 Abaco Slave Revolt (British Bahamas, suppressed)
1791 Mina Conspiracy (Spanish Louisiana (New Spain), suppressed
)1795 Pointe Coupée Conspiracy (Spanish Louisiana, suppressed)
1795 Curaçao Slave Revolt of 1795 (Dutch Curaçao, suppressed)
1791–1804 Haitian Revolution (French Saint-Domingue, victorious)
1800 Gabriel’s Rebellion (Virginia, suppressed)
1803 Igbo Landing (St. Simons IslandGeorgia, victorious)
1805 Chatham Manor (Virginia, suppressed)
1811 German Coast Uprising (Territory of Orleans, suppressed)
1811 Aponte conspiracy (Spanish Cuba, suppressed)
1815 George Boxley (Virginia, suppressed)
1816 Bussa’s Rebellion (British Barbados, suppressed)
1822 Denmark Vesey (South Carolina, suppressed)
1825 Great African Slave Revolt of Guamacaro, Matanzas (Cuba, suppressed)
1831 Nat Turner’s rebellion (Virginia, suppressed)
1831–1832 Baptist War (British Jamaica, suppressed)
1839 Amistad, ship rebellion (Off the Cuban coast, victorious)
1841 Creole case, ship rebellion (Off the Southern U.S. coast, victorious)
1842 Slave Revolt in the Cherokee Nation (Indian Territory, suppressed)
1843–1844 Ladder Conspiracy (Spanish Cuba, suppressed)
1859 John Brown’s Raid (Virginia, suppressed)
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1811 German Coast Rebellion, LA

The 1811 German Coast uprising was a revolt of black slaves in parts of the Territory of Orleans on January 8–10, 1811. The uprising occurred on the east bank of the Mississippi River in what is now St. John the BaptistSt. Charlesand Jefferson Parishes, Louisiana.[1] While the slave insurgency was the largest in US history, the rebels killed only two white men. Confrontations with militia and executions after trial killed 95 black people.

Between 64 and 125 enslaved men marched from sugar plantations in and near present-day LaPlace on the German Coast toward the city of New Orleans.[2] They collected more men along the way. Some accounts claimed a total of 200 to 500 slaves participated.[3] During their two-day, twenty-mile march, the men burned five plantation houses (three completely), several sugarhouses, and crops. They were armed mostly with hand tools.[4]

White men led by officials of the territory formed militia companies, and in a battle on January 10 killed 40 to 45 of the escaped slaves while suffering no fatalities themselves, then hunted down and killed several others without trial. Over the next two weeks, white planters and officials interrogated, tried, executed and decapitated an additional 44 escaped slaves who had been captured. Executions were generally by hanging or firing squad. Heads were displayed on pikes to intimidate other slaves.

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Protest & Rebellion 1800’s

  • Gabriel’s Rebellion, 1800

Gabriel was a literate enslaved blacksmith hired out to work in Richmond by his owner, Thomas Prosser of Henrico County. With some freedom of movement, access to other slaves, and information about uprisings elsewhere, Gabriel planned a slave rebellion in central Virginia. Betrayed by two fellow slaves, Gabriel and twenty-five of his followers were hanged.

  • The Nat Turner Revolt, 1831

The danger of a slave uprising seemed remote to most whites until this incident. In Southampton County, Nat Turner led about sixty fellow slaves in a two-day uprising that left sixty whites dead. The reaction to the event by white southerners can be seen in broadsides, narratives, and private letters. Because Turner’s former master was said to be a fair man, every slaveholder in Virginia suddenly felt threatened.